Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19): Workplace Health and Safety Information—Agriculture, Forestry & Fishing

Giving Safety a Competitive Advantage: Increasing PFD Use Among Lobstermen

Research team with lobstermen in Maine


Facebook Life-Vest Study

The rates of commercial fishing fatalities are estimated to be 31 times higher than the average industrial fatality rate. Falls overboard are the most frequent cause of death in the Northeast lobster commercial fishing fleet, according to the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Center for Maritime Safety and Health Studies, and could largely be prevented with the regular use of lifejackets or personal flotation devices (PFDs).

Working together with Northeast lobstermen, our goal is to address concerns about lifejackets/PFDs. This project is led by the Northeast Center for Occupational Health and Safety: Agriculture, Forestry and Fishing (NEC), in conjunction with Fishing Partnership Support Services (FPSS), McMillan Offshore Survival Training (MOST), Lobstermen in Maine and Massachusetts, and PFD manufacturers. 

We have learned a great deal from commercial lobstermen about the challenges of wearing a lifejacket while fishing. Last winter and summer, 181 commercial lobstermen agreed to trial nine lifejacket models in Maine and Massachusetts. Lifejackets in the study were a wide range of styles and types, from buoyancy aids to offshore lifejackets. Given the long days on the water hauling traps, and concerns regarding gear entanglement, they have indicated that a lifejacket should be:

  • Comfortable, flat/not bulky, with no straps or buckles to snag, no dangling toggles, easy to clean, easy to use, bright in color, and for many – integrated into something already worn.

Participation in the study has been heartening, with a recruitment rate of 90.5% and a study completion rate of ­­­­88.4%. What is most important is finding what lobstermen can work in on a daily basis.

Over this coming year, we will be sharing information with lobstermen about lifejackets and survival systems, and increasing access to a range of lifejackets at community events, dockside, and with retailers. We are very grateful for your assistance in this endeavor, and look forward to this upcoming year of research and outreach.

The NEC would like to thank all the lobstermen who are helping with this endeavor! Thank you also to the following manufacturers who have donated or provided discounted products for this project: ACR Electronics, Hyde Sportswear, Kent, Mullion, Mustang Survival, Quatic Apparel, Spinlock, and Stormline. Thank you for all of your support! 


The singular goal of this research project is to increase wear rates of PFDs among NE lobstermen and increase their chance of survival following a fall overboard (FOB). This work is not regulatory, it is responsive to feedback from lobstermen about the challenges they have with wearing PFDs. By giving lobstermen a primary role in the research process, we hope to develop safety solutions that address lobstermen's barriers to PFD use and to develop solutions that make safety cost-effective and easy.

Future Efforts

Although much has been learned regarding PFD barriers and potential motivators, there has been very little research on the impact of interventions that address these barriers and motivators in commercial fishing. Our research will evaluate the effectiveness of an intervention that incorporates social marketing principles and other novel approaches to increase the use of proven safety devices. If this approach proves successful, similar methods could be used to increase the use of other safety devices such as hatch-monitoring systems or e-stop technology in the commercial fishing industry, NIOSH "safe by design" practices for fall prevention in construction or lifts and safe patient-handling practices in healthcare.

Faculty and Facility

PI: Julie Sorensen (Director, NEC); Research Coordinator: Rebecca Weil (NEC); Research Coordinator: Liane Hirabayashi (NEC); Research Coordinator: Jessica Echard (NEC)

IN PARTNERSHIP with Fishing Partnership Support Services (FPSS) and McMillan Offshore Survival Training (MOST). FPSS  is a primary source of health and community support for commercial fishermen and their families and has been a core component of the fishing community since 1997, as well as a key NEC partner in recent years. McMillan Offshore Survival Training  is partnering with FPSS and NEC in Maine. A safety and survival training company since the mid 1970′s, MOST has trained over 70,000 personnel and has built an international reputation as a leader in safety education and survival training methods.

Previous research by the NEC led to the development of this project.Read about the Use of Flotation Devices in the Northeast Lobster Fishing Industry here.

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